-heroic city-states passed away, and the power of Athens also passed away
-more into a cosmopolitan (citizen of the world ) civilization
-sculptors played with traditional subjects in new ways, and also portray new subject matters
Nike alighting on a warship from Samothrace, Greece, ca 190 BCE. Marble. 8'1"high.
-wings still beating
-winds sweeps her drapery
-placed in a fountain of splashing water -->heightened the dramatic visual effect
-water: the sense of lightness and movement
-Hellenistic statues: interact with the environment, as living, breathing, emotive. (Classical statues: ideally proportioned, and more self-contained)
by Alexandros of Antioch-on-the-Meander, Aphrodite (Venus de Milo) from Melos, Greece ca 150-125BCE. Marble 6'7"high.
(right: restored view)
-originally: her left hand holds the apple Paris awarded her when he judged her the most beautiful goddess, and right hand may have lightly grasped the edge of her drapery near the left hip
-slipping garment to tease the viewers
Old Market Women, ca 150-100BCE. Marble 4'1/2"high.
-realism in the Hellenistic art
-lowest class (never was a suitable subject in the earlier Greek statuary
-different ethnic types (more foreigners in Greek, more cosmopolitan)